This page attempts to list all the various names and signatures used by Yoshitoshi during his career, and show good images of them and the seals he used. It is currently in a very draft state, and we will be exending it considerably as we get more prints online.
After he was apprenticed to Kuniyoshi, the latter gave him the go Yoshitoshi; as was common, one syllable of the master's name was used in that of the pupil.
In 1865 he started to use the alternative family name Tsukioka (月岡), although he retained Yoshioka as his legal family name (and in fact was buried under the name Yoshioka Taiso Yoshitoshi). Apparently, this name was the family name used by a noted Osaka painter, Tsukioka Settei (1710 - 1786), who was a distant relative, and Yoshitoshi seems to have believed that he was his artistic heir.
Before 1873, he had signed most of his prints as "Ikkaisai Yoshitoshi" (一魁斎 芳年), perhaps in honour of the name his master Kuniyoshi had used, "Ichiyūsai". Perhaps to commemorate his resurgence, from then on he changed the first part of the name to "Taiso" (大蘇, meaning 'great resurrection').
The character numbers, which identify the characters in the seal, are given from:
Andrew N. Nelson, "The Modern Reader's Japanese-English Character Dictionary", Charles E. Tuttle, Rutland, 1974which is a standard Japanese dictionary.
|Signature||Name (Romaji)||Name (Kanji)||Year||Characters||Comments|
|Yoshitoshi hitsu||芳年 筆||1865||hitsu means 'painted by'|
|Kaisai Yoshitoshi hitsu||魁斎 芳年 筆||1865-66|
|Ikkaisai Yoshitoshi hitsu||一魁斎 芳年 筆||1867-68|
|Seal||Name (Romaji)||Name (Kanji)||Year||Reference||Characters||Comments|
|Kiri||The seal reads:|
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© Copyright 2009 by J. Noel Chiappa and Jason M. Levine