Beginning in 1876 prints were required to carry the full personal name and complete street address of the publisher; this was usually (but not always) carried in a length inscription in the margin of the print. Prior to this time, publishers generally indicated their connection to a print they produced by a small seal (often in the groud of the print) which gave some form of their name.
In addition, publishing houses often had a 'short' name, used in publisher seals on prints; this was usually created by taking the name of the shop and of the proprietor, from which was formed (often, but not always, by taking the first syllable of each) a shorter name. So, the publisher "Maruya Seibei" was the shop Maru-ya, owned by Seibei; its short name was Marusei. However, the short name often outlived the owner it was originally asociated with.
As mentioned, these short names are often what is given in the publisher seals. For some publishers, sources give short names which do not correspond to either any contraction of the long name, or the characters in the seal. Presumably these short names come from either other seals used by that publisher, or from other contemporary sources, but it beyond the scope of this page to elucidate those.
|Seal(s)||Personal Name||Ya-gō and Dō-gō||Short name(s)||Kanji||Location||Reference||Comments|
|Kinnosuke||Daikoku-ya||Kinjirō, Daikin||S:大金||Tsujiki, Odawara-chō||MFA #11.37637
|The seal reads: TAI/DAI/O_KON/KIN/kana|
|The seal reads: KAI/umi_RŌ/o_RIN/JI/shige/hayashi/mori; the first two combined can be read 'ebi'|
|The seal reads: SHŌ/ko/ji_kura/ku_SHI/yo MOKU/ki_SO/mune_SHI; the final SHI means "published by"|
|Morimoto Junsaburō||Morimoto||P:森本 順三郎||Asakusa-ku Kawara-chō ni banchi||The seal reads: mori_HON/moto.|
|S:大橋||Ing, #22.47, #22.48||The seal reads: TAI/DAI/O_KYŌ/hashi
The two different short names are different readings of the characters in the seal.
|Kinkyū||S:近久||MFA #11.37760, MFA #11.35910||The seal reads: KIN/KON/chika_KYŪ/KU/hisa
The second name listed might be include ya-gō, but without the kan-ji it is impossible to be sure. The status of the 'Kyūsuke' is unknown.
|D:錦盛堂||MFA #11.37717||The seal reads: KIN/nishiki_SHŌ/SEI/JŌ/saka/mo_DŌ/-dō|
|Masakichi||Seibun-dō or Shōbun-dō||D:正文堂||Ing, #8.1, #12
|The seal reads: SEI/SHŌ/masa/tada_BUN/MON/fumi_DŌ
Different source give different readings for the dō-gō.
|Yamaguchi||S:山口||Bakuro-chō, Motohama-chō||Dailey, #129/#223
|The seal reads: SAN/yama_Kō/KU/guchi/aki|
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Last updated: 23/June/2010